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Testosterone Therapy: Understanding Low Testosterone Effects and Treatments Testosterone is a hormone found both in men and women in lesser amount, that stimulates the growth and development of male sexual characteristics, produced in large amount in the testes, and in varying amounts in the ovaries and adrenal cortex. Men generally produce higher levels of testosterone than women, and the level produced increases in puberty stage and starts to decrease one percent per year after the age of thirty as a result and part of the aging process. Testosterone is a natural hormone that greatly affects bodily structure and functioning, which is responsible for sperm production, muscle strength and muscle mass, mood, fat distribution, red blood cell distribution, bone density and sex drive. Low levels of testosterone may result in a variety of symptoms such as less energy, decrease sex drive, feelings of depression, weight gain, low-self-esteem, moodiness, less body hair and thinner bones. Aging greatly affects the lowering of testosterone levels, as well as stress and chronic diseases such as AIDS, kidney disease, alcoholism and liver cirrhosis. Low levels of testosterone is indicative of a pituitary gland disorder, wherein the pituitary gland is considered as the “master gland” that produces follicle stimulating hormone that signals the testicles to produce more testosterone. Abnormally high testosterone levels is indicative of an adrenal gland disorder or cancer of the testes. Hypogonadism or reduced testosterone production does not always require treatment, but if it interferes with your health and quality of life, testosterone replacement therapy will really help. Testosterone can be given orally, gels or patches and through injections. It produces greater muscle and stronger sex drive. Skin patch testosterone replacement therapy involves wearing a transdermal patch on the arm or upper body once a day. Gels are absorbed directly on the skin after applying one a day. There is also a tablet form that can stick on the gums above the incisor, the tooth to the left or right of the two front teeth, applied twice a day. Injections and implants are injected directly into the muscles or testosterone pellets are implanted to the soft tissues, wherein the body slowly absorbs the testosterone.
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There are two ways to determine if somebody has low testosterone, which are blood test and its characteristic signs and symptoms. Studies show that testosterone replacement therapy offers a wide range of benefits especially for men with hypogonadism, including improved muscle mass, libido, cognition, mood, red blood cell production and bone density. Testosterone therapy is also a proven treatment for alopecia, hair loss or baldness, because it has been shown that men with low testosterone levels tend to suffer from hair loss as well.Lessons Learned About Treatments