Category Archives: medicine

Explore the Field of Health Information Technology

The healthcare industry is growing faster than ever, and growing with it is the need for trained professionals in the field of information technology. With advances in medicine and technology, digital record keeping and data basing have become fundamental elements to modern healthcare facilities.

According to statistics held by the United States Bureau of Labor, job prospects for professional in the health information technology field are expected to be among the fastest growing for the next decade. In addition, technicians are in constant demand by employers, making IT professionals in the health industry invaluable. Wages for technicians averaged at $ 40,610 in 2008, and those holding degrees from accredited universities earned even more.

Healthcare technicians perform a variety of duties relating to organization records handling. Their skills are essential to efficient patient care. Some of these duties include compiling medical information like medical history, current symptoms, examination results, diagnostic tests, treatment methods, and past healthcare services provided. Workers in this field also organize and manage medical data and ensure the quality and accuracy of data.

In addition to careful management of data, technicians are responsible for understanding and using a variety of advanced equipment and technologies. Technicians are now proficient with electronic health records, or EHR. With this type of software, technicians maintain and analyze all of a facilities data. Professionals often work to improve the quality of data management, and contribute to greater quality in overall patient care.

Professionals in the health information technology field may hold an associates degree, or higher. Programs in the field are offered at a variety of field, and typically cover a broad range of topics in healthcare and computer systems. At the associate's level, graduates can expect an introductory level of knowledge of the following areas.

Basic Medical Terminology

Graduates can expect a rich understanding of medical terminology so they can communicate with medical professionals and understand important concepts for healthcare organizations and patient care.

-Health Services and Information Systems Classes will cover the history of healthcare facilities in the United States and the evolution of modern day procedures in the industry.
-International Classification of Diseases Coding Central to a healthcare professional's basic knowledge is an understanding of the layout of disease classification. Graduates will be better able to interpret and communicate this data.
-Legal and Regulatory Issues in Health Information Programs will prepare graduates to deal with the specific technology laws related to patient privacy and records handling. …

Mental Health Clinics

Clients to mental health clinics are usually not admitted arbitrarily. The process usually consists of an initial interview with a community worker or a mental health professional. If a client is considered in need of residential or out-patient treatment at a mental health clinic, an extensive history of the mental illness will then be recorded. Such assessments will also include interviews with other doctors and family physicians who have noted the onset and progress of the ailment.

The staff at mental health clinics usually consists of psychiatrists, psychologists, mental health nurses, and support personnel who are specially trained. The scope and activities of mental health clinics in America generally falls under the purview of the CMHC (Community Mental Health Centers). This body issues licenses to clinics and centers for the practice of mental health-related treatment.

Considering that mental health crises do not always announce themselves in advance, a mental health clinic or center usually offers twenty-four-hour emergency services. These include inpatient hospital referral, since many cases are diagnosed in hospitals while the client is under treatment for other health problems.

Mental health problems affect people from all age groups, and American mental health clinics also offer services specifically for the aged as well as children and adolescents. The reasons that commonly lead to a referral for elderly persons range from senile dementia and Alzheimer’s disease to problems related to chronic alcohol abuse. Mental health problems typical to the aged fall under the category of geropsychiatric medicine.

Teenagers and young adults often find themselves in need of mental health services because of substance abuse, inherited mental problems, and Attention Deficit Disorders (ADD).

The services available at mental health clinics necessarily include group therapy, individual and family counseling, and a social awareness cell. The latter would be staffed by personnel who could explain the various issued surrounding metal health in layman’s terms to clients and their families. They are also an integral part of the evaluation process.…

Healthcare Systems and Their Structure

Constantly under review and scrutiny, the issues on healthcare Systems have become international.

Made up primarily of organizations and individuals, these healthcare structural systems are designed to meet a target population's need for health care. On an international level, there is a diverse variety of health care systems. In some countries the planning of the health care systems are market driven and participating in the private sector. In other countries the systems are composed of government and non-governmental entities such as religious groups, trade unions charities and or other coordinative bodies that are centrally run and planned, to enable the delivery of healthcare services to the populations they target. In other words, health care planning has evolved.

According to a World Health Organization report in 2000, the main goals of health systems are the ability to provide a responsive health service along considerations of fair financial contributions. In order to appraise overall health care systems, a proposed two-dimensional approach was conceived. The first dimension consists of equity and the second is composed of efficiency, quality and acceptability.

Several proposals have come from the Senate in the United States and the White House. Health care system issues according to President Obama are issues that should be addressed immediately and placed them on a top priority list. A universal health care system does not exist or is practiced in the United States. Some countries subsidize their universal healthcare directly from government coffers. This kind of universal healthcare is called socialized medicine, which is a combination of private and public delivery systems, with most countries spending public funds for this service delivery. Government taxes plays the role of funding this system supplemented and strengthened with private payments.

The World Health Organization (WHO) report of 2000 ranks each member country's health care system. Discussions on the positive and negative aspects of replacing health care systems with insurance systems use this report's quotation. However, the WHO has noted that as ranking healthcare systems is a complex task, these ranking tables will no longer be produced. Infant mortality and life expectancy are two main variables that are used in the ranking. Out of 198 countries, Canada ranks thirtieth and the US ranks thirty seventh. The World Health Organization ranks France, San Marino, Italy, Andorra, Singapore, Malta, Spain, Austria, Oman and Japan as the world's top ten.

With the founding of the UN (United Nations), there was planning and discussion on the need for a single entity to serve, observe and assess global health care system trends. Thus the World Health Organization was formed in 1948 on April 7th with headquarters based in Geneva, Switzerland. Annually the WHO is recognized by the celebration of a World Health Day. The WHO is the coordinative and direct authority for United Nations' member countries individual health systems. Member countries of the United Nations are permitted WHO membership through the acceptance of the WHO constitution. To date there are a total of 198 member nations participating in WHO programs. …

Affordable Medical Insurance – Health Insurance 101

If you don’t know a deductible from a co-pay, or an HMO from HBO – you are not alone. But if you are among the growing number of Americans who are now using this marvelous tool known as the Internet to shop on their own for affordable medical coverage, these are terms you’ll need to get comfortable with, or it can cost you.

Lesson one – The Higher the Deductible The Lower the Premium

The deductible is the amount that you have to pay out of pocket for covered medical expenses before the health insurance benefit kicks in. Deductible amounts are usually based on a calendar year. The surest and easiest path towards a lower cost heath insurance premium is still to select a plan with the highest deductible. Once you do that it is also a good idea to open up a specific account such as a Medical Savings Account to pay for medical expenses until the deductible is reached.

Lesson Two – The Co-Payment

The Co-Payment or “co-pay” is a specific dollar amount paid by the policy holder at the time of service of each healthcare visit. It is a fixed amount and does not build to a maximum amount like a deductible. Co-pays are another aspect of lowering health insurance costs that are in your control. You may be able to lower your premium rates by requesting higher co-pay amounts. If you are generally healthy and do not make many trips to the doctor electing a higher co-pay is a great way to ensure more affordable health insurance payments.

Lesson Three – What Else you can do

While many of the costs that are involved in creating a health insurance premium are fixed and non-negotiable there are other areas that we have seen like choosing a higher deductible or co-pay amount that can help reduce your health insurance rates. There are other things in your control as well.

• Generic Drugs – if you do not have prescription drug coverage, always ask if there is a generic available for a given prescription medication. Several large pharmaceutical retailers such as Target and Wal-Mart have programs where many of the most popular generic drugs can be purchased for as little as $ 4.00.

• Lifestyle Changes and Wellness Programs – another way to reduce your health insurance costs is to get in better shape. Quitting smoking and losing weight, after choosing the highest deductible and co-pay amounts, is probably the surest way to reduce a heath insurance bill. Many HMO’s since it is in their best interest to have you remain healthy, will offer wellness programs, and preventive medicine screenings. Take advantage of these. Believe it or not some employer sponsored health insurance plans will even pay for all or part of a gym membership. It’s all part of the concept of paying a little now to keep you healthy, rather than paying more later on.

• Shop Around – get multiple quotes from multiple sources. Today it is …

Ginseng – Benefits and Side Effects

Ginseng is a perennial plant that is widely used in Chinese medicine. Today it is in high demand with barely enough supply of the wild form of Ginseng available to meet the demand requirements. Ginseng is believed to provide relief for various conditions ranging from increased libido to reducing stress. This plant can be found in the most densely wooded areas where there is rich soil, primarily in Asian countries such as China, Eastern Siberia, and Korea. The roots in which the medicinal properties are found can take anywhere from 3 to 10 years to properly cultivate.

There are a few different forms of Ginseng including Asian Ginseng, American Ginseng, Red Ginseng and Wild Ginseng. American Ginseng has been shown to reduce flu case amongst the elderly. Red Ginseng has shown some promise at increasing libido and enhancing erectile dysfunction in men. Wild Ginseng is not cultured on farms but rather is found growing wild. Both Asian and American Ginseng can grow in the wild but it takes many years before the roots can be cultured. It is also in very high demand so it's supply is very limited.

There are many benefits to using Ginseng. Studies have shown that it may be useful for treating impotence in men and that it may also reduce fatigue symptoms in cancer patients. Additional benefits include the ability to help in lowering cholesterol, stress relief, enhancing immunity, and reducing the signs of aging. Scientific studies lean both ways with a few showing no significant benefits from Ginseng while others have shown definite benefits in the above mentioned categories as well as overall quality of life.

Some of the reported side effects of using Ginseng as a herbal remedy include diarrhea, high and low blood pressure, nausea, and in some case the inability to sleep has been reported. While these may not occur in all individuals, it is something to be aware of.

Ginseng, as with other herbs, comes in a variety of standard forms such as tablets, capsules, and liquids. However, the best way to receive the medicinal properties is to drink it in tea form. If you are not a tea drinker then one of the other forms may be right for you. So weigh your options and select the one that you feel comfortable taking. Be aware also that some Ginseng products are inferior to others and only quality cultured Ginseng can provide the benefits that you are looking for. So be sure to do your research and find the best Ginseng product available to you.

Now that you know what Ginseng is and what the benefits and side effects are. You need to also be aware that while this herb has been considered a wonder herb due it potential health benefits you'll still need to follow the advice of your doctor. Herbs do not take the place of the professional counseling of your medical advisers. So, if you feel that you want to try Ginseng as an alternative or supplement …

Ascension – Energy Medicine For the Lightbody

Ascension can be quite uncomfortable as the vibrational frequency of the entire form, right down to the cellular level, is changing. It does not have to be difficult, though. Fortunately, there is a new form of energy medicine on the planet to help us move through this stage, and it is called EDINA energy medicine.

Energy medicine includes such things as Quantum Touch, Reiki, Touch for Health, Quantum Healing, Psych-K, BodyTalk System and Matrix Energetics. So what is special about EDINA? It works directly on the human Lightbody. The ancients certainly knew how to work on the Lightbody. Shamanic practitioners all over the planet used Lightbody healing techniques in ancient times, though they have been largely lost over the ages. Changes to the Lightbody will affect the physical, emotional and spiritual levels of the individual. While most of us can not see the Lightbody, we definitely can feel it. When we do EDINA, almost everyone can feel the light as it is introduced into the various parts of the body.

EDIINA's ability to reclaim Lightbody healing comes from ascended Starbeings from Sirius-B called the Ankenash, who are members of the Ashtar Command, and who interact with humanity with the permission of our own Spiritual Hierarchy.

So what is the Lightbody? It is the energetic duplicate of our physical body which leaves as we die. A light leaves the human body at the moment of death. I personally saw this three distinct times while giving a stranger CPR in an airport in 1990. Clear evidence of the Lightbody also comes to us in the form of Kirlian photography, where the Lightbody makes an imprint on the film-light can be photographed coming out of the hands of healers. If you use that photographic technique to look at a leaf, you will see a glowing version of the leaf. Then tear off a piece of the leaf, and you will still see light coming from the entire leaf in the next photo you take. Post why? It's because the Lightbody remains intact. And if a person has an arm or leg amputated, we know that they will still have sensations in the missing limb. It may ache or itch, for example. This is called "phantom limb" syndrome. The person is actually feeling sensations in the Lightbody of their missing arm or leg.

We work with the Lightbody directly when we practice EDINA. Connecting to the Ankenash, Starbeings from Sirius-B, we follow instructions from them as to which EDINA techniques to utilize for that particular client, and in what sequence. The Ankenash work on our clients (or self) in the expanded realms at the same time we are working in the three / four dimensions (or densities). Communicating with us telepathically either by words heard clairaudiently, or visions of what to do next, or just a felt sense, these loving Starbeings assist and guide us in the healing session. This light / energy also comes out through the palms of the hands. In the …

Florida Health Insurance: How Will Children Benefit?

Children with asthma, and other pre-existing health problems, have long been discriminated against when it comes to receiving adequate health insurance coverage. Lack of Florida health insurance among children has been well documented along with dire consequences.

That problem has been specifically addressed in health care reform. Unfortunately, confusion over changes to health care in the U.S. continue, including debate over how health insurers may treat children with pre-existing health problems like asthma.

What Does Health Care Reform Do For Children With Asthma?

As the Secretary of Health and Human Services, Kathleen Sebelius may have the last word on this subject. In March of 2010, Sebelius directly addressed the issue in a letter to America’s Health Insurance Plans. After noting that the media had reported that certain insurance companies hoped to find ways around the section of the new law that specifically prohibited insurers from excluding children with pre-existing conditions from coverage, she stated the following.

According to Sebelius, “Health insurance reform is designed to prevent any child from being denied coverage because he or she has a pre-existing condition…To ensure that there is no ambiguity on this point, I am preparing to issue regulations in the weeks ahead ensuring that the term “pre-existing condition exclusion” applies to both a child’s access to a plan and to his or her benefits once he or she is in the plan. These regulations will further confirm that beginning in September, 2010: Children with pre-existing conditions may not be denied access to their parents’ health insurance plan; Insurance companies will no longer be allowed to insure a child, but exclude treatments for that child’s pre-existing condition.”

Her letter also lamented that “For too long, parents across the country have struggled as pre-existing conditions have prevented their children from accessing affordable, stable health insurance coverage. Health insurance reform eliminates this tremendous source of worry and helps ensure children have the care they need.” September 2010 marks the beginning of increased protection through health insurance in Florida for children, and those suffering with asthma may be seeing additional help in the future.

Does Smoking Contribute To Asthma?

Scientists long ago demonstrated that second-hand smoke hurt people, especially children, who suffered from asthma by increasing the incidence and severity of their asthma attacks. Following a 2006 ban on smoking in all enclosed public and work places in Scotland, researchers have now reported a decline in hospital admissions for childhood asthma.

Before the Smoking, Health and Social Care Act was passed, children were being admitted for asthma at a rate that was increasing by 5.2 percent a year. After the new law passed, investigators found that on average such admissions fell by as much as 18.2 percent every year. A decline in these admissions occurred among both preschool and school-age children. The ban even sparked an increase in voluntary reduction of smoking in Scotland homes.

What Are U.S. Researchers Saying About Smoking and Asthma?

Some researchers look forward to similar benefits here in the United States. As …

Advanced Medical Practices

Postgraduate medical courses are the advanced level courses persuaded by the medical aspirants for the advancement in their life as a career option.

The different schools of medicine have a range of taught master’s courses, all of which are modular in format and which can be accessed as short courses with credits transferable between master’s level courses elsewhere in the faculty of medicine and health sciences. Many courses are available to health profession and the medical aspirants other than medicine and are relevant technicians engaged in the health care of the people.

To get the learning and admission in postgraduate courses, applicants are required to be successfully passed their M.B.B.S from an institute recognized by certain high governing bodies of medical courses. With this on the completion students are encouraged for the internship program, and on the completion of the full coursework medical aspirants are awarded the permanent registration number. The number is important to get admission in the further education and in applying for the certain job opportunities in the medical sciences.

To make and realize the importance of postgraduate courses, certain medical universities provide education in the multiple languages to help the student get in touch with the courses and the fellow students. The doing of it is necessary to help the students get better facilities in education and a perfect student environment to show their talents further in the field.

The main objective of the postgraduate training is to allow the students of medical institution to continue their education and general practitioners to improve their skills for further consideration. The medical faculties and professors of higher standards together with its teaching hospitals and other organizations will provide the necessary physical and human resources to create an environment for the appropriate and systematic training of medical graduates, so they require the knowledge and skills and attitudes to become accomplished physicians and surgeons with the highest morale and ethics standards.

The education level of developing countries is good and cheaper than the other countries because of this lot of students from the western countries. All the main universities in the world have very good reputation in the world. The degree of all higher education institutes of different countries is accepted worldwide.

Postgraduate medical courses offered by the well-known medical universities are like

• Bacteriology

• Gastroenterology

• Pediatric methodology

• Epidermiology

• Public hygiene

• Neurology

• Toxicology

• Dentistry

• Medical psychology

• Dermatology

• Ophthalmology

• Forensic medicine

Degree courses

• MD- Postgraduate medical degree (doctor of medicine)

• MS- Postgraduate surgical degree (master of surgery)

• DM- Super specialty degree (Doctorate of medicine)

• MCh- Super specialty degree (Master of chirurgical)

Success in medicine requires the application of hard work, both while studying and when in practice. However, it brings great rewards in terms of job satisfaction, involving as it does a combination of science and human interaction and numerous career opportunities.…

Fatigue – Declining Levels of Sleep and the Effects on Health and Productivity

It is certainly the case that in the developed world we are now sleeping considerably less than we did a generation ago. This comes as no surprise as the rise of technology means we can now entertain ourselves into the early hours.

However, the more I read the more I become convinced that a great many modern day ills could be cured if society understood the impact that not getting the correct amount of sleep has on us both in terms of performance at work (or school) and the impact on our health, especially the modern-day pandemic of obesity. It is all too easy to see sleep as a necessary sacrifice but thinking that reducing sleep will enable us to do more could not be further from the truth.

It is generally considered that we require between 7 and 8 hours of sleep a night and that getting less than six hours of sleep has negative consequences on productivity and health. It was with some concern that I came across the results of a 2006 GMTV poll that showed that 19% of us were getting the recommended 8 hours of sleep a night and that 42% of people in the South of England are getting less than 5 hours .

New parents and teenagers are typically the most sleep-deprived people in society. A study for Mother & Baby magazine of 3,000 mothers showed that mothers today average a mere 3.5 hours of sleep in the first 4 months of a child's life (versus 6 hours for their parents) and then just 5 hours after 18 months.

Another study by Actimel and Top Sante magazine in 2007 showed that 75% of women in their 30s are lucky to get 6 hours of sleep a night, 85% of 30-something women frequently feel tired and of those 59% feel tired all the time . These statistics are worrying for the health and productivity of our nation!

The US Government's National Health and Examination survey of March 2007 (18,000 people) showed that those who slept less than 6 hours a night were 23% more likely to be obese than those who slept between 7 and 9 hours. This rose to 50% for those who slept under 5 hours and 73% in those who slept under 4 hours. Boston School of Medicine also revealed that those who slept for less than 5 hours a night were 2.5x more likely to develop diabetes versus those who slept 7 to 8 hour a night.

The Harvard Business review found that a week of sleeping 4 or 5 hours a night induces performance impairment equivalent to a blood alcohol level of 0.1% (the UK drink driving limit is 0.08%). So whilst we applaud those who work long hours we would be less impressed if we saw our colleagues tucking in to a couple of pints of beer before work every day.

The problem is that fatigued people do not believe their performance is impaired even though objective scores …

Top 10 Best Hospitals and What Makes Them Great

A recent survey by U.S. News and World Report ranks the top hospitals in the United States. The 2009 rankings are based on several factors, including the hospital’s mortality index: How good are they at keeping their patients alive? Obviously, patients are very interested in that statistic; but health insurers also want to know when they are determining which hospitals to include in their network. Hospitals included in major health insurance companies’ plans will see more customers and revenue than those out-of-network. A positive reputation among doctors is greatly coveted and also plays a large role in a hospital’s rank, since medical professionals are presumably more knowledgeable and better able to judge their quality. Other elements of a high-quality hospital are the availability of advanced medical technology, its experience in certain specialties, the quality and ratio of nursing staff, and other patient services. Finally, top hospitals take great care to keep their patients as safe as possible. After all, nobody–especially an insurer–wants to pay to fix another hospital’s mistakes.

So which hospitals are the best in America, and why? For one thing, they are renowned for their practices in at least six specialties, making them national destinations for quality health care. They are also renowned for their success in dealing with a large volume of complex medical conditions. Many top hospitals are centered in the Northeast, maybe because the region has long been a hub of educatio n and industry innovation. However, there are also highly ranked hospitals in the Midwest, South, and along the West Coast. If health insurance companies are willing to pay for an expensive treatment, they would prefer to reduce the risk by going to one of these well-renowned facilities.

  1. Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Marylandhas been #1 on this list for nearly two decades, and with good reason. U.S. News gave their ear, nose and throat and urology departments perfect scores of 100.00, and the neurology and neurosurgery department received a nearly flawless 98.4%. In addition, its cancer unit is third-best in the country.
  2. The Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota is known worldwide and has become a reliable brand in the field of health knowledge. Its most successful programs are those in Diabetes and endocrine disorders, digestive disorders, neurology and neurosurgery, and orthopedics; all of which ranked #1 on the U.S. News list. Mayo Clinic was also #1 hospital on their inaugural Best Hospitals list in 1990.
  3. California makes its highest entry on the Best Hospitals list with Los Angeles’ Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center. The city’s sunny climate probably attracts a large population of retirees, and the #1 geriatric care unit in the nation is well-equipped to treat them. Other top 5 specialties include psychiatry, rheumatology, ophthamology (through its Jules Stein Eye Institute), and digestive disorders.
  4. Cleveland Clinic, based in Ohio but with outposts across the U.S., has the top heart and heart surgery department in the country. That’s especially impressive because heart surgery is one of the most complicated