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Cancer – Treatment

Cancer is a class of animal disease, medically know as malignant neoplasm, wherein a cluster of cells show unrestrained growth i.e. division beyond the normal limit, intrusion and damage of tissues adjacent to them and spread (via blood or lymph) to other places. This malady is not restricted to just homosapiens but can even affect animals.

Reportedly, 7.6 million people died from cancer in the previous year.

In most of the cases, cancer is identified due to symptoms and its diagnosis is usually confirmed by a pathologist, who is a type of physician specializing in diagnosis of cancer. Suspected people are usually investigated with medical tests like blood test, X-rays, CT scan and endoscopy.

There are various methods for Cancer treatments such as surgery, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and various other methods. The type of method employed depends on the patient’s general health and the location and the stage of the tumour spread.

Complete surgical excision is possible in very few cases since the cancerous tissues usually metastasizes to other places in the patient’s body before the surgery. Masectomy is the surgical treatment used for treating breast cancer while for prostate cancer, prostatectomy is used. The aim of carrying out the surgery is to remove the tumour or if required the entire affected organ, which is however unfortunately limited to very few cases of small cancer.

Radiation therapy is also known as radiotherapy. It uses ionizing radiation for killing cancerous cells and shrinking the tumors. It damages the genetic material of the cells thereby preventing them from replicating further. The drawback of this methodology of remedial is that it often damages the normal cells in addition to the harmful ones. Though, in most cases the normal ones recover and re-function properly, it leads to permanent damage in some. It is used in treating brain cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer and also cancer of the skin, prostate, uterus, stomach, or pancreas. Even lymphoma and leukemia can be treated by radiation.

Cancer can also be treated by Chemotherapy which involves use of drugs which destroy rapidly dividing cells. It interferes in various ways with division of cells and has the potential of harming healthy tissues. However after Chemotherapy these healthy cells repair themselves. High dose Chemotherapy is used for treatment of certain lymphomas and leukaemias.

Targeted Therapy is another medium for cure which employs certain agents which are specific for the cancer cells’ deregulated protein. It also involves small peptides which bind to the surface cell receptors surrounding the tumour.

Some cancer growth can be checked by either injecting or obstructing certain hormones. Some hormone sensitive cancers are breast and prostate cancer. Removing estrogen or testosterone is also often used as an additional treatment.

Controlling cancer symptoms is not a stereotypical form of treatment aimed at cancer, but it also determines the standard of life of the victims of cancer, and plays a pivotal role in deciding whether the person would be able to undertake other treatments.…

Nurses – Leaders in Health Reform

“Never underestimate the power of a small group of dedicated people to change the world. Indeed it is the only thing that ever has.” Margaret Mead

This is an unprecedented year for transformational health system change. It is not only important for nurses to be involved – it is Critical!

The illness care system is in crisis. People seek basic health care in hospital emergency rooms, 51% of the American population takes medication, and our greatest killers, obesity and lifestyle diseases are escalating. As treatment costs rise exponentially, the number of people covered by health insurance is decreasing. Often modern illness care results in financial bankruptcy. These trends are disastrous.

Additionally, the current economic down turn requires that solutions be radical, cost-effective and immediate in order to turn the tide.

The system cannot survive if we continue to focus exclusively on a medical model of symptom diagnosis and treatment. The trends demand a radical shift toward helping people learn how to become and stay well.

What profession focuses on helping people become and stay well? Nursing! With the overwhelming mandate for change demanded by our recent election, a window of opportunity is open for health system evolution. Not a revolution that throws out the medical model, rather an evolution that expands the system to include a continuum of care supporting and promoting health from birth through the life-span and transition into death.

There will never be a more critical time for Nurses to Show-up, Speak-up and Step-up to Make a Difference for the Health of America. If you are ready to seize this unprecedented opportunity to influence how the health system evolves, now is the time.

Now is the Time to Show-Up as a Leader.

Nurses led every major health reform in history. Nightingale reformed hospital and battlefield health. Lillian Wald began reforming public health as a nursing student, later establishing the Henry Street Settlement to provide care to the poor and immigrant population. Mary Breckinridge, a nurse-midwife, reformed maternal-child and family health by founding the Frontier Nursing Service, educating and employing nurse-midwives, and establishing family care centers in the Appalachia Mountains. Margaret Sanger reformed reproductive health and Dame Cicely Saunders, known for her role in birthing the hospice movement, emphasized the importance of palliative care.

Today, nurses are showing up to lead by creating innovative health care delivery models and shaping public policy.

Now is the Time to Speak-Up as a Nurse.

Nurses once again rank #1 as the most trusted professionals in the annual Gallup Poll. Talk with your public. They want to know what you think. What nurse has not received a call at all hours from family and neighbors asking for advice or counsel before seeking medical care?

Nurses comprise the largest number of health care providers. The mandate of our license is to serve the public and advocate for safe, effective and accessible health care. Let the public hear your views.

Speak up with other nurses. Share your concerns and ideas as colleagues and team …

Los Angeles Dental Malpractice Attorney – When to Hire One

Why might someone need to hire a Los Angeles dental malpractice attorney?  Easy.  Because everyone understands that in a city like Los Angeles, the home of all things Hollywood – including the glitzy and glamorous world of beautiful actors and models – physical appearances matter.  Dentists don’t just clean teeth anymore, no.  The profession has expanded into a lucrative field of “cosmetic dentistry” and the varying types of procedures that are offered by dentists in Los Angeles have quadrupled.

So, too, have the instances of so called “Dental Malpractice” where one suffers significant loss or pain at the hands of a negligent dentist.  It’s a numbers game.  The more people in Los Angeles go to a dentist for major procedures, the more procedures are done.  The more procedures that are done by more dentists, the more the chances are that end up with someone who is not qualified and something goes wrong.  When something does go wrong, it’s time to call a Los Angeles personal injury attorney who specializes in dental malpractice; also known as a Los Angeles dental malpractice attorney.

Los Angeles resident Guy Terry went to a Los Angeles area dentist in 2006 to get three teeth extracted as a result of crowding of his teeth.  The dentist mistakenly extracted eight upper teeth, believing that the “3” was an “8”.  The restorative surgery to fix the damage was estimated to cost about $60,000.  Guy Terry found a dental malpractice attorney in Los Angeles, sued the dentist and won a large settlement that was later challenged on an unsuccessful appeal.

What is significant about dental malpractice is what it shares in common with legal malpractice and medical malpractice, which is this:  Dental malpractice concerns an action that a dentist does to cause harm to his dental patient – something they did or should not have done.  But dental malpractice also concerns a dentist’s failure to act, such as failing to diagnose a serious problem that eventually causes injury or death.

Sally Newton was an aspiring actress in Los Angeles.  Over two years she paid several visits to a Los Angeles cosmetic dentist, who bleached her yellowish teeth to a bright white, straightened her teeth gave her a movie star smile.  Why the dentist didn’t see the brown spots on her tongue, caused by years of chewing smokeless tobacco is a mystery.  By the time the oral cancer was diagnosed a year later, she had to have part of her tongue removed as well as parts of her gums and cheek.

Her Los Angeles dental malpractice attorney subpoenaed the cosmetic dentist’s records and proved the obvious; this dentist has been negligent for failing to diagnose Sally’s oral cancer.  The dentist’s malpractice insurance carrier was quick to offer a large and fair settlement before the case even went to trial.  Not that they weren’t prepared to fight it out.  Sally located a Los Angeles personal injury attorney that specialized in dental malpractice cases and she was successful.

If you live in …

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